If your blood sugar levels are over 400 mg/dL, you could also be at risk for dehydration.
Symptoms and signs include decreased urine output, fluid retention causing swelling in your legs/ ankles or feet, shortness of breath, fatigue, confusion, nausea, weakness, irregular heartbeat, chest pain or pressure and seizures or coma in severe case. Most commom causes include Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Glomerulonephritis, Interstitial nephritis, Polycystic kidney disease, Prolonged urine obstruction from stones or enlarged prostate, Vesicoureteral reflex, Recurrent Pyelonephritis. Treatement is based on the cause.
Each Diabetic patient is different due to their sugar level, chronicity of the disease, other medical conditions and so would need personalised nursing care plan.
Choose healthier carbohydrates. All carbs affect blood glucose levels so it's important to know which foods contain carbohydrates.Eat less salt,eat less red and processed meat,eat more fruit and vegetables,choose healthier fat.Cut down on added sugar.Be smart with snacks.
Exact cause is unknown but most appreciated hypothesis is either low insulin or insulin resistance due to genetic +/- environmental factors. Increased risk of Heart attack/ Angina/ Stroke, Nerve damage, Kidney damage, Gastroparesis (Nausea/ vomiting) Diarrhea or constipation, Eye damage - blindness, Increased risk of cataract and glaucoma, Foot damage/ amputations, Skin infections, Increased risk of Alzheimer's disease/ Depression/ Hearing impairment.