Hypertension might not cause Diabetes directly but increases the risk. People with high blood pressure usually have insulin resistance leading to Diabetes compared to those with typical blood pressure.
The effects of added sugar intake include higher blood pressure, inflammation, weight gain, diabetes, and fatty liver disease which are all linked to an increased risk for heart attack
Most commom causes include Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Glomerulonephritis, Interstitial nephritis, Polycystic kidney disease, Prolonged urine obstruction from stones or enlarged prostate, Vesicoureteral reflex, Recurrent Pyelonephritis.
A blood sugar reading of more than 180 mg/dL or any reading above your target range is too high. A blood sugar reading of 300 mg/dL or more can be dangerous. If you have 2 readings in a row of 300 or more, call your doctor.
Effects of baking soda in terms of Diabetes are restricted to it's usage in an emergency called Diabetic ketoacidosis and fungal infection called Mucormycosis in Diabetic patients. Both of which are to be studied in more detailed pattern to ascertain the effect.