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Amoebic Serology - IgG - Serum

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    About

    blood sample
    Sample

    BLOOD

    Gender
    Gender

    Both

    users
    Age group

    Above 10 years

    The amoebic Serology IgG (Entamoeba Hisstolytica) is a laboratory test that detects the presence of antibodies against the Entamoeba histolytica parasite. This parasite can cause amoebiasis, which is an infection that can lead to serious health complications. The test identifies specific antibodies in the blood sample, thereby aiding in the diagnosis of amoebiasis.

    Symptoms of Amoebiasis

    Amoebiasis is an infection caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Symptoms can vary from mild to severe, and some individuals may not show any symptoms at all. Here are common symptoms associated with amoebiasis:

    1. Gastrointestinal Symptoms:

    • Diarrhoea: This is one of the most common symptoms of amoebiasis. Diarrhoea may be watery or contain mucus and blood.
    • Abdominal pain: Individuals with amoebiasis often experience abdominal cramping and discomfort, which can range from mild to severe.
    • Bloody stools: In some cases, the infection can lead to the presence of blood in the stool, which may appear red or dark.
    • Increased urgency to pass stools: There may be a frequent and urgent need to have a bowel movement.

    2. Fatigue and Weight Loss:

    • Amoebiasis can cause general fatigue and tiredness.
    • In severe or prolonged cases, weight loss may occur due to reduced appetite and nutrient malabsorption.

    3. Liver Involvement:

    Amoebas can travel to the liver, leading to an amoebic liver abscess. Symptoms of a liver abscess may include right-sided upper abdominal pain, tenderness, and enlargement of the liver.

    Other possible liver-related symptoms include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), fever, and an overall feeling of illness.

    It's important to note that some individuals may carry the parasite without showing any symptoms. In other cases, symptoms may be mild and easily mistaken for other gastrointestinal conditions. In rare instances, amoebiasis can become severe and life-threatening, especially if the infection spreads beyond the intestines or affects vital organs.

    If you suspect you may have amoebiasis or are experiencing persistent gastrointestinal symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention. A healthcare professional can perform diagnostic tests, such as stool examination or serological tests, to confirm the presence of the parasite and prescribe appropriate treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for managing amoebiasis effectively and preventing complications.

    Test Procedure

    Amoebic Serology IgG (Entamoeba Hisstolytica) test requires a blood sample for analysis. A healthcare professional will collect a blood sample from your arm using a needle and a syringe or a lancet. The sample will be sent to the laboratory for further testing.

    At the lab, the sample will be analysed to detect the presence of antibodies against the Entamoeba histolytica parasite. The sample will be subjected to a series of tests that identify and measure the number of specific antibodies in the blood. The results are usually available within 4 days after the sample is collected.

    Treatment after Positive Diagnosis

    The treatment of amoebiasis typically involves medications to eliminate the Entamoeba histolytica parasite. The specific medications prescribed may vary depending on the severity of the infection and whether it is intestinal or extra-intestinal (involving organs other than the intestines). Here are the commonly used treatments for amoebiasis:

    1. Antiprotozoal Medications:

    • Metronidazole: This is the most commonly prescribed medication for treating amoebiasis. It is effective in killing the parasite in both the intestine and extraintestinal sites. Metronidazole is usually given for a duration of 7 to 10 days.
    • Tinidazole: Similar to metronidazole, tinidazole is an alternative antiprotozoal medication that may be used for treating amoebiasis.

    2. Luminal Amoebicides:

    Paromomycin: This medication is used to eliminate any remaining amoeba in the intestines after treatment with antiprotozoal drugs. It is given for 7 to 10 days to ensure complete eradication of the parasite.

    3.Abscess Drainage (for liver abscess):

    In cases where an amoebic liver abscess has formed, drainage of the abscess may be necessary. This is typically performed using a needle or catheter guided by ultrasound or CT scan. Antiprotozoal medications are still required even after drainage.

    It's important to note that treatment for amoebiasis should be prescribed and monitored by a healthcare professional. In addition to medication, supportive measures may include maintaining hydration by drinking plenty of fluids, maintaining good hygiene practices, and following a balanced diet.

    It is also essential to identify and treat asymptomatic carriers of the parasite to prevent the spread of amoebiasis to others. Household contacts and sexual partners of individuals diagnosed with amoebiasis may also need to be evaluated and treated if necessary.

    Benefits of Early Diagnosis

    Early diagnosis of amoebiasis can prevent severe health complications. It also allows individuals to take precautionary measures to prevent further spread of the infection. Additionally, early diagnosis can help in prompt treatment, leading to faster recovery.

    Booking a Test on Apollo 24|7

    Individuals can book an Amoebic Serology IgG (Entamoeba Hisstolytica) test on Apollo 24|7 easily. Simply log on to the Apollo 24|7 website or mobile app, select the test and location, and make a payment.

    After successful payment, you can visit the designated lab with your booking ID and get your sample collected. The results will be available within 4 days.
     

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    Entamoeba histolytica is a parasite that infects the intestines and causes amoebiasis.
    Amoebiasis is transmitted through infected food or water that contains fecal matter from an infected person.
    No, fasting is not required for this test.
    Pregnant women can take this test after consulting with their healthcare provider.
    If you test positive for amoebiasis, it is important to seek immediate medical attention and complete the prescribed treatment.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 40 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
    • NABL certified multi-channel digital healthcare platform.
    • Affordable diagnostic solutions with timely and accurate test results.
    • Up to 60% discount on Doorstep Diagnostic Tests, Home Sample Collection.
    • An inventory of over 100+ laboratories, spread across the country, operating out of 120+ cities with 1200+ collection centers, serving over 1800+ pin codes.

    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results