Measles IgM Antibodies

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    blood sample




    Age group

    Above 10 years

    Measles is a highly contagious viral infection that affects mainly children. The disease is characterized by a rash and flu-like symptoms such as fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Measles can be particularly dangerous for people with weakened immune systems, including pregnant women, infants, and people with HIV/AIDS. The Measles IgM Antibodies test is used to detect the presence of the IgM antibody against the measles virus in the blood. This test is commonly used to diagnose a current measles infection or to confirm immunity to measles.

    Symptoms of Measles:

    • High fever: Measles usually begins with a high fever, often exceeding 101°F (38.3°C).
    • Rash: A characteristic rash appears a few days after the onset of the fever. The rash usually starts on the face and then spreads downward to the rest of the body. It consists of small, red, and raised spots that may blend together.
    • Cough: Measles is often accompanied by a persistent cough, which can be dry or accompanied by phlegm.
    • Runny nose: Infected individuals may experience a runny or stuffy nose, similar to the symptoms of a common cold.
    • Red, watery eyes: Measles can cause redness and irritation in the eyes, along with increased tear production.
    • Sore throat: Many individuals with measles experience a sore throat and discomfort when swallowing.
    • Koplik spots: Before the rash appears, small, white spots with a bluish-white center and redness surrounding them may appear inside the mouth on the inner lining of the cheek. These spots, known as Koplik spots, are considered a classic early sign of measles.
    • Fatigue and malaise: Measles can cause extreme tiredness and a general feeling of being unwell (malaise).
    • Loss of appetite: Many individuals with measles experience a decreased appetite and may have difficulty eating.

    It's important to note that symptoms may vary from person to person, and some individuals may have mild symptoms or be asymptomatic. However, complications can arise, especially in young children, pregnant women, or individuals with weakened immune systems. These complications may include ear infections, pneumonia, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), or even death.

    Test Procedure

    The Measles IgM Antibodies test requires a blood sample obtained through venipuncture. The patient's arm is cleaned with an antiseptic solution, and a tourniquet is applied above the site where the needle will be inserted to make it easier to locate a vein. The needle is then inserted into the vein, and the blood is drawn into a tube attached to the needle. Once enough blood has been collected, the needle is removed, and pressure is applied to the puncture site to stop any bleeding.

    At the diagnostic lab, the sample is analyzed to detect the presence of the IgM antibody against the measles virus in the blood. The test is performed using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technology. The blood sample is mixed with a solution that contains antigens specific to the measles virus. If IgM antibodies against the virus are present in the blood, they will bind to these antigens. A second solution containing an enzyme that reacts with the IgM antibodies is added to the mixture. If a colour change occurs, it indicates that IgM antibodies against the measles virus are present in the blood.

    Treatment for a Positive Diagnosis

    There is no specific treatment for measles, and most people recover within two to three weeks with rest and supportive care. However, complications of measles can be severe and require hospitalization. If you have been diagnosed with measles, it is important to stay home and avoid contact with others to prevent the spread of the virus.

    Benefits of Early Diagnosis:

    Early diagnosis of measles can help prevent further spread of the disease. The Measles IgM Antibodies test provides accurate results within 5 days, allowing patients to take appropriate measures to prevent transmission of the virus. Additionally, early diagnosis can help identify individuals who are not immune to measles and may benefit from vaccination.

    Booking a Test on Apollo 24|7:

    Booking a Measles IgM Antibodies test on Apollo 24|7 is easy and convenient. Simply visit the website and select the Measles IgM Antibodies test from the list of available tests. Choose a suitable time slot for your test, make the payment online, and receive a confirmation email with all the necessary details. Test results are usually available within 5 days and can be accessed online through the Apollo 24|7 website.

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    Measles is highly contagious and is transmitted through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
    Measles can be a serious disease, especially in infants, immunocompromised individuals, and pregnant women. Complications can include pneumonia, encephalitis, and death.
    Measles can be prevented through vaccination. The measles vaccine is safe and effective and is recommended for all children as part of routine childhood immunization.
    IgM antibodies are produced by the body in response to a current infection, while IgG antibodies indicate prior exposure to a particular pathogen or vaccination against it.
    No, the Measles IgM Antibodies test requires a blood sample to be collected by a healthcare provider. However, Apollo 24|7 offers home sample collection services for a range of lab tests.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 40 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
    • NABL certified multi-channel digital healthcare platform.
    • Affordable diagnostic solutions with timely and accurate test results.
    • Up to 60% discount on Doorstep Diagnostic Tests, Home Sample Collection.
    • An inventory of over 100+ laboratories, spread across the country, operating out of 120+ cities with 1200+ collection centers, serving over 1800+ pin codes.

    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results