Can someone be misdiagnosed with type 1 diabetes?
It is commonly misdiagnosed in adults.A study found that 38% of type 1 diabetes patients diagnosed over age 30 were misdiagnosed with type 2 diabetes and did not receive the required insulin.
Foods to avoid include fried foods and other foods high in saturated fat/ trans fat, foods high in salt, sweets such as baked goods/ candy/ ice cream, beverages with added sugars such as juice/soda/sports or energy drinks.
Exact cause is unknown but most appreciated hypothesis is either low insulin or insulin resistance due to genetic +/- environmental factors. Symptoms and signs include increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing wounds, presence of ketones in urine, fruity odour and frequent infections.Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise).
Yes, if and when gestational diabetes is managed properly, a mother may deliver a healthy baby.
Diabetes mellitus causes blood vessel damage, vascular remodelling leading to increased peripheral artery resistance. Also, body fluid volume increases in response to insulin resistance-induced hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. Both increased peripheral vascular resistance and body fluid volume lead to increase in systemic blood pressure causing Hypertension.