What are the symptoms of kidney disease, causes & cure?
Symptoms and signs include decreased urine output, fluid retention causing swelling in your legs/ ankles or feet, shortness of breath, fatigue, confusion, nausea, weakness, irregular heartbeat, chest pain or pressure and seizures or coma in severe case. Most commom causes include Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Glomerulonephritis, Interstitial nephritis, Polycystic kidney disease, Prolonged urine obstruction from stones or enlarged prostate, Vesicoureteral reflex, Recurrent Pyelonephritis. Treatement is based on the cause.
Regaining weight must be under dietician observation with balanced nutritious meals.
Diabetes is either due to no insulin production or ineffective insulin. In patients with no insulin production, we are left with no choice other than giving external insulin to control sugars. In nascent cases of other diabetes we try to control the blood sugar by diet/exercise and medicines. Additionally, when external insulin is given, body's own production goes down and it is suppressed.
Yes with time, raised blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart. Additionally, people with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease such as high blood pressure and deranged cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
Babies of GDM mothers may have more birth weight, preterm birth and respiratory distress, low blood sugar shortly after birth and hypoglycemic seizures, still birth and obesity/ diabetes later in their life.