What is diabetes mellitus? What are the diabetes medications?
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose) and is diagnosed when fasting blood sugar of 126 mg/dl or more, post prandial blood sugar of 200 or more with glycated hemoglobin of 6.5% or more is seen on tests. Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise)
All kids and teens with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin so that glucose can get from their blood into their cells for energy.
The main thing to remember is that both are as serious as each other. Having high blood glucose (or sugar) levels can lead to serious health complications.
Each Diabetic patient is different due to their sugar level, chronicity of the disease, other medical conditions and so would need personalised nursing care plan.
Insulin causes decrease in blood sugar leading to loss of consciousness and sometimes convulsions too, when used for reasons other than treating Diabetes where sugar levels are high to start with.